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The Capital of Martinique : Fort-de-France ?

4 mins reading

Is Fort-de France the capital of Martinique? The answer is no. You will ask yourself: "But what is this mysterious city that would be the capital of the island of flowers? Sit down and let me surprise you for a moment: Martinique does not have a capital. It's as simple as that. Hard to imagine, but you know what they say... nothing is impossible in the Caribbean! In fact the reason is simple, Martinique is not a country and therefore does not have a capital.

Fort de France Bay

Martinique a.k.a the island of flowers

Martinique is an island in the Lesser Antilles. A real earthly paradise, you have probably already heard about it. I would be surprised if this is not the case. Martinique is a DROM meaning Overseas Department and Region.

The island of flowers is a French overseas region. Its culture is a splendid fusion of French and Creole culture. Always a touch of authenticity with a touch of modernity, you are sure to love it!

From paradisiacal beaches to delicate gardens, islets and unusual volcanoes, there is something for everyone... literally! Taste hundreds of local fruits and vegetables, not to mention the local specialties based on freshly caught fish. Be careful not to eat your fingers... I know it's very tempting, but a little restraint, eh

Is Fort-de-France the capital of Martinique?

Well no, Fort-de-France is far from being a capital. But why does everyone think that Fort-de-France is the Capital of Martinique? Maybe because it is the biggest city of the island. But don't forget that Martinique is an overseas region (DROM). Having a capital in Martinique would be like having a capital in Occitania for example. That's not how it works, is it?

History of Fort-de-France

Fort-de-France is the largest city in Martinique, and also the most populated. Did you know that the city was called Fort-Royal until the early 1800s? That's probably why its inhabitants are called the Foyalais. As you may have guessed, the city was first a Fort, built in 1639. Fort Royal became a city in 1669. During its colonial history, the city was occupied in turn by the French and the British. The city was finally named Fort-de-France in 1807 and keeps its name until today.

If you have read some of our articles, you may have seen that Saint-Pierre was the main city of Martinique. Until it was tragically destroyed by the famous volcano eruption of Mount Pelee. Fun fact: Fort-de-France had Mr. Aimé Césaire as mayor of the city from 1945 to 2000... Elected and re-elected for 56 years, we can say that he was very "loved » !

Cathédrale for Fort de France in Martinique

5-7 Best things to do in Fort-de-France

I have compiled for you the best things to do during your next stay in Martinique, and in particular in Fort-de-France. Consider spending a morning or two at the local markets. Don't miss the opportunity to discover all the delights the island has to offer! Don't forget the warm exchange with the Martiniquans who will be delighted to see you curious about the Creole culture.

Then spend an afternoon discovering Fort Saint-Louis. It is indeed the naval base of the French Navy. Don't forget to take a guide to tell you the history of this monument during your visit. !

Fort Saint-louis a Fort-de-France

The garden of Balata is a must in the city. You will find there 3000 species of exotic and tropical plants. The landscape is breathtaking. You will think you are on the set of the jungle book, so much the 15 meters bridges and wild flora are unreal. A real delight for nature lovers!

Jardin de Balata

Fort-de-France is first of all a rich and eventful history. You can trace its history through the exhibitions of the departmental museum of Martinique which is located in the city. The artifacts go back to the Amerindian civilization. A real window on the past at your fingertips.

The Bay of Flamingos... the place is as magical as its name. Located on the Malecon pier, you absolutely must spend a few hours there. It will be your little secret place... shhh... to relax away from the hustle and bustle. A walk in the savannah will erase all your worries from the Caribbean breeze.

Fort de France, a symbol more than a capital

Capital or not, Fort-de-France is a highly symbolic city for Martinique. As well in history as in cultural weight. Whether it is your first stay in Martinique or you are a regular visitor, Fort-de-France remains a place to visit absolutely, especially since the city is next to the airport. You have no excuse to miss it !

Cathédrale of Fort-de-France

Book more than 124 authentic activities to do in Martinique

You will find the best activities to do in Martinique for an unforgettable vacation. Activities to do with family, couple, friends, unusual...

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About the author

27 years old, Marving grew up in Schœlcher, in Fond-Lahaye and Anse Madame more precisely. Passionate about the digital world, he works as a digital marketing consultant during the day and regularly writes articles about his native island.

Marving Moreton

Copywriter & Cofounder of Tourcrib

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